Monday, April 27, 2015

A-Z Basic Lists of Linux Commands For Beginner

A-Z Basic Lists of Linux Commands For Beginner - Unix is one of the first operating systems to be written in high-level programming language (C). Well, this article is about unix command which basic and really useful if you using linux operating system.

I'll show you Linux command and the function of the command to help you learn Linux. This command is not a comprehensive list by any means, but this should give you a reference the common unix commands.

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Even though Linux has hundreds of commands, there are only about a dozen which you need to know to perform most basic tasks. And before this I was posted Linux Commands, read Basic Linux Commands Most Frequently Used.

adduser Add user into your system
addgroup Add group into your system
alias Create an alias
apropos Searching manual help page (man-k)
apt-get Search and install packages
aspell Check Spelling
awk Seach, replace the text, database sort / validate / index
basename Directory striping and suffix from files name
bash GNU Bourne-Again Shell
bc  Arbitrary precision calculator language
bg Send to background
break Exit from a loop
builtin Run builtin shell
bzip2 Compress / decompress file bzip
cal  Show callender
case Conditional command
cat Displays the content of files
cd Open / migarte directory
cfdisk Partition table manipulator
chgrp Changing group ownership
chmod Changing file / directory permissions
chown Change files owner and group
chroot Run commad with different root directory
chkconfig  System Service (runlevel)
cksum Print byte CRC checksum and calculate
clear Clear terminal's screen
cmp Compare 2 files
comm Compare 2 sorted files line by line
command Run shell command, ingnore shell functions
continue Resume the next literation of loop
cp Copy files to another location
cron Run daemon (scheduled)
crontab Schedule command to execute later
csplit  Split files into context -  pieces are determined
cut Split file into several section
date Displays / change the date & time
dc Desk Calculator
dd Convert & copy file, write header disk, boot record
ddrescue Data repair tools
declare Declaring a variabel and give them atributes
df Show disk space
diff Showing the differences betwen 2 files
diff3 Showing the differences among three 3 files
DNS lookup DNS Lookup
dir Show list of simple directory
dircolors Color setup to 'ls '
dirname Convert all pathname to some path
dirs  Show list of directories wich remembered
dmesg  Print kernel message & Drivers
du Estimate file space usage
echo Print message in the screen
egrep Search the file for the line that corresponds to the expression of an extended 
eject Eject removable media
enable Activating and Deactivating shell command bultin
env Variable Environment
ethtool Setting of  ethernet card
eval Evaluate some command / argument
exec Run command
exit Exit from the shell
expect Automates application which accessable using terminal
expand Convert tab to space
eksport Setting environment variable
expr  Evaluate expression
FALSE Do nothing / false
fdformat Low level format of floppy disk
fdisk Partition table manipulation
fg  Send task into foreground
fgrep Seach files for list which match  with a fixed string
file Specify file types
find Seach file which Cari file yang memenuhi kriteria yang diinginkan
fmt Reformating text type
fold Wrap text to fit width
for Expand words, and execute command
format Format disk
free Print memory usages
fsck Check and repair file
ftp File Transfer Protocol
fungsi Specify macro function
fuser Identificate / execute proccess which accessing file
gawk Seach and replace text
getopts  Describes parameters according position
grep Seach files which match with particular pattern
group Print user group name
gzip Compress / Decompress gizp
hash Considering the entire pathname from a argument name
head  First part of the files
help Print help
history History command
hostname Print hostname of your system
id Print user and group id
if Execute conditional task
ifconfig Network interface configuration
ifdown Stop network interface
ifup Start up network interface
import Print Screen and save images into files
install Copy and Setting atribute
join Join
kill Kill running process
killall Kill process by name
less Output displays in same times
let Perform arithmetic on shell variables 
ln Create relationships between files
local Creating variable
locate Search location of files
logname Print logname
logout Exit from login shell
look Display lines which start with a particular string
lpc Program control
lpr Off line print
lprint Print file
lprintd Abort print job
lprintq List the print queue
lprm Remove from print queue
ls List
lsof Files open list
make Recompile programs
man Manual help / details of command
mkdir Create new folder
mkfifo Make FIFO's
mkisofs Create a hybrid ISO9660 / JOLIET / HFS filesystem 
mknod Create block or special character files
more Display more
mount Mount system files
mtools Manipulate MS-DOS 
mv Move files or Directory
mmv Mass move and rename (file) 
netstat Network information
nice  Set the priority of a command or task
nl Lines number and write files
nohup Run command immune to hangups 
nslookup Ns lookup command
open Open files 
op Access op
passwd Set or change password
paste Paste command
pathchk Check name file portability
ping Test network connection / calling server or IP
pkill Terminate running process
popd Returns to previous value from current directory 
pr Prepare files for printing
printcap Database printing capabilities
printenv Print variable environment
printf Format and print data
ps Startus Process
pushd Save then change current directory
pwd Print working directory
quota Displays disk usage and limit them
quotacheck Examining system files for disk usage
quotactl Set disk size
ram ram disk device
rcp Copy files between the two machines
read Read command
readarray Read from stdin to an array variable 
readonly Mark variable / functions as readonly
reboot Reboot the system
rename Rename command
renice  Change priority from running proces
remsync Synchronize remote files via email
return Return command
rev Reversing line from a file
rm Deleting files
rmdir Remove folders
rsync Remote file copy
screen Multiplex terminal, run remote shells via ssh 
scp  Secure copy (remote file copy)
sdiff Merge two files interactively
sed Stream editor
select Select command
seq Print numeric sequence
set Manipulate shell variables and function
sftp Scure file protocol program
shift Shift command
shopt Shell options
shutdown Shutdown the system
sleep Slepp the system
slocate Search files
sort Sort command
source Run command from `.” file
split Split command
ssh Access secure shell
strace Trace system calls and signals 
su Super user
sudo Run commands as another user
sum Print a file sum
symlink Make new name for file
sync Synconize
tail Last output of last part files
tar Tar files
tee Redirect output to multiple files
test Evaluation of the conditional expression 
time Display time
times System and user time
touch Change file times stamps
top List of processes running on the system 
traceroute Trace route command
trap Run a command when a signal is set (Bourne)
tr Translate, squeeze, menghapus karakterremove the character
true' true' / right
tsort Sort topology
tty Print filename of terminal on stdin 
type Explain command
ulimit Limit user resources (resources) 
umask The user creates a hidden file 
umount Unmount device
unalias Remove alias
uname Print information of the system
unexpand Convert space to tabs
uniq Uniq command
unit Convert units from one scale to another
unset Remoe variable or function
unshar Unpack archive shell records
until Execute command until error
useradd Create new user account
usermod Modify user account
users List of users which currently logged in
uuencode Encode binary files
uudecode Decode files which created by uucode
v List directory contents verbosely (`ls-lb ') 
vdir verbosely list directory contents (`ls-lb ') 
vi Text edito
vmstat Report of vitual memory statistics
watch Execute / display a program periodically
wc Print byte, word, and calculate
whereissource $ path, man pages and source files for the program 
which Search user $ user path for program files
while While command
who Displays all name of user which currently logged in
whoami Print the current user id and name (`id-un ') 
wget Take file via HTTP, HTTPS or FTP 
write Write command
xargs Execute utility, passing constructed argument list 
yes Print string untill interrupt

I have some Linux commands + Open source graphicaal software Inkscape posts that maybe help you to learn Linux :
  1. Basic Commands of APT-GET and APT-CACHE for Package Management
  2. Basic Linux Commands Most Frequently Used
  3. 26 Useful Linux Terminal Keyboard Shortcuts You Must Know
  4. Inkscape 0.91 Advance Keyboard Shortcuts

That's all I can write about Linux Commands: Learn Linux Commands Line. Hope you've enjoyed reading this tutorial as much I’ve enjoyed writing it. Thanks for visiting us.

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